Description of patient lung condition COVID-19

cungkring.com: The coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) had spread from Wuhan, China, to several countries in Asia, Europe, to the United States. Researchers have been busy researching everything about this virus, including the lung conditions of the COVID-19 infected patients. Here's the picture. 

COVID-19 to this day has swallowed more than 1,700 casualties and caused about 71,000 cases being researched by many experts in various countries. One such study concerns the lung condition of the COVID-19 coronavirus patient.

How are the lung conditions of a virus infected by a mentioned similar to SARS and MERS-CoV?

The lung condition of coronavirus COVID-19 patients 

Most of the patients suffering from COVID-19, this virus appears and ends up in the same organ of the body, namely the lungs. This is because the outbreak of the plague is derived from the pangolin and other wildlife including viruses that attack the respiratory tract. 

In fact, COVID-19 is almost similar to SARS-CoV, given that they are in one same virus umbrella, coronavirus. 

After the SARS outbreak was completed, the WHO reported that the disease attacked the lungs in three phases, namely:

Virus replication
Hyper-immune reactivity
Lung damage
Nevertheless, not all patients face all three phases above. In fact, there are only 25% of SARS patients who have difficulty breathing. 

The same conditions also apply to the COVID-19. According to some reports at the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak, COVID-19 caused lighter symptoms in 82% of cases, the remainder in severe or critical conditions. 

Meanwhile, according to research from the Journal of the Radiological Society of North America, the lung condition in the COVID-19 coronavirus was found to have white patches in it. 

Researchers know the condition through CT scan examination. Those who underwent the examination were patients who showed symptoms resembling pneumonia. 

From the CT scan, the presence of white patches in the lungs of infected patients coronavirus-19 was seen. The white patches are referred to as ground glass opacity (GGO) and are usually found on the subpleural in the lower lobe. 

The presence of white patches indicates that the patient has fluid in the pared cavity. This fluid is actually not specific to the COVID-19 alone, but also on other infections. 

Therefore, experts still need to research about liquids or spots in the lungs of COVID-19 patients. 

In this study also showed that patients who recovered from the COVID-19 pneumonia showed quite severe conditions. These severe conditions appear about 10 days after the initial symptoms of coronavirus. 

Then, when it was undergoing treatment and test CT scans after 14 days of early symptoms, signs of improvement in the lungs began to emerge. 

How does coronavirus invade the lungs?

In fact, diagnosing the lungs condition of infected patients with coronavirus COVID-19 through a CT scan is not enough to establish, whether they are positive or not. Other factors are still required to ensure this, such as symptoms, clinical history, and the use of a COVID-19 special test tool. 

Some of you may be wondering, what happens to the body when a virus resembling this crown strikes the respiratory tract?

The first phase of coronavirus attacked the lungs

As previously described, most coronavirus-infected patients start out and end up in the same organ, namely the lungs. 

When it is already entered into the body, it will usually cause symptoms similar to the common cold, such as fever, cough, sneezing, and possibly causing pneumonia. 

When a new viral infection enters the body, coronavirus will attack human pulmonary cells. Lung cells are divided into two classes, producing slime and shaped like a hair stick, which is cilia. 

When the dirty slime is in the body, its function remains the same, which is protecting the lung tissue from bacteria and maintaining the moisture of the respiratory organs. In addition, cells cilia are ticking around the mucus to clean pollen and viruses. 

Viruses in the SARS disease can infect and kill cell cilia. Then, coronavirus will fill the lungs of the patient with fluid. Thus, experts suspect the same condition occurred in the lung of the COVID-19 coronavirus patient and develop pneumonia.

Second phase

If such a condition occurs, the body will react by activating the immune system and filling the lungs with immune cells. These immune cells function to cleanse the damage and repair the lung tissue of the coronavirus COVID-19 patients. 

If the cells are working correctly, the process against this virus usually occurs in an area that is only infected. However, it is not uncommon for the human immune system to break down and the cell is precisely not only killing viruses, but also healthy tissues that exist in the body. 

As a result, patients risk developing severe conditions such as viruses or liquids clogging the lungs and the condition of pneumonia deteriorated. 

Third phase

Entry into the third phase, the condition of the lungs in patients coronavirus COVID-19 began to deteriorate. Lung damage continues to increase and risks cause breath failure.

If respiratory failure does not cause death, patients usually can only survive permanent damage to the lungs. 

This condition also occurs in SARS. The SARS Virus causes a hole in the lungs resembling a honeycomb, thus risking a new coronavirus. 

The holes of the virus are most likely to arise due to a hyperactive response to the immune system. The immune system that should protect and tighten the lungs precisely makes holes and wounds in the respiratory organs. 

If this condition occurs, the patient will need to use a ventilator so they can breathe. In addition, inflammation of the lungs also causes the membrane between the air bag and blood vessels to be penetrated. Consequently, the lungs can be filled with fluid and the likelihood of oxygen levels in the blood decreases. 

This kind of lung condition can cause coronavirus patients COVID-19 clogged by the fluid and complicate them to breathe to death. 

In fact, further research is still needed considering the lung condition in each of the COVID-19 coronavirus patients varies. This is because there are some people who have symptoms unrelated to pneumonia, so that researchers are still trying to find out deeper.

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