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A list of medicines for blood pressure


cungkring.com: Diuretics are some of the most commonly used drugs for the treatment of hypertension. They help the kidneys flush excess water and sodium or salt. This reduces the volume of blood that must pass through your blood vessels, which reduces blood pressure.

There are three major types of diuretics: thiazide, potassium and preservation with loop diuretics. Thiazide diuretics generally have fewer side effects than others. This is especially true when they are prescribed in low doses which are generally used in early hypertension treatment.

Examples of thiazide diuretics include:

chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
chlorothiazide (Diuril)
hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril, Norvasc)
indapamide (Lozol)
metolazone (Zaroxolyn)
Examples of potassium-sparing diuretics include:

amiloride (Midamor)
spironolactone (Aldactone)
triamterene (Dyrenium)
Examples of loop diuretics include:

bumetanide (Bumex)
Furosemide (Lasix)
torsemide (Demadex)
Examples of combination of diuretics include:

amiloride hydrochloride / hydrochlorothiazide (Moduretic)
spironolactone / hydrochlorothiazide (Aldactazide)
triamterene / hydrochlorothiazide (Dyazide, Maxzide)

Beta blockers
Beta-blockers work by blocking the action of chemicals in your body that stimulate your heart. This allows your heart to beat with less speed and strength. Your heart pumps less blood through the blood vessels with each beat, so that blood pressure decreases.

Examples of these drugs include:

acebutolol (Sectral)
atenolol (Tenormin)
betaxolol (Kerlone)
bisoprolol (Zebeta)
bisoprolol / hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)
metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
Metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL)
nadolol (Corgard)
pindolol (Visken)
propranolol (Inderal)
solotol (Betapace)
timolol (Blocadren)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE)
ACE inhibitors keep the body from making a hormone called angiotensin II, which causes blood vessels shrink. These drugs lower blood pressure by helping dilate constricted blood vessels to allow more blood through.

Examples of ACE inhibitors:

benazepril (Lotensin)
Captopril (Capoten)
enalapril (Vasotec)
fosinopril (Monopril)
lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
moexipril (Univasc)
Perindopril (Aceon)
quinapril (Accupril)
ramipril (Altace)
trandolapril (Mavik)
blockers of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB)
This class of drugs also protects blood vessels from angiotensin II. To constrict blood vessels, angiotensin II must bind with a receptor site. ARB prevent that happening. Therefore, blood pressure is lowered.

Examples of ARBs include:

cilexetil (Atacand)
eprosartan (Teveten)
irbesartan (Avapro)
losartan (Cozaar)
telmisartan (Micardis)
valsartan (Diovan)

Calcium channel blockers
To move all the muscles need calcium to flow in and out of muscle cells. Calcium channel blockers help block calcium from entering smooth muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels.

This makes the heart beat with less force and helps blood vessels relax. Therefore, blood pressure decreases.

Examples of these drugs include:

amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel)
diltiazem (Cardizem CD, Cardizem SR, Dilacor XR, Tiazac)
Felodipine (Plendil)
isradipine (DYNACIRC, DYNACIRC CR)
nicardipine (Cardene SR)
nifedipine (Adalat CC, Procardia XL)
nisoldipine (Sular)
verapamil (Calan, Covera HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan)

Alpha-blockers
In some situations, your body makes hormones called catecholamines. These hormones can bind to parts of cells called alpha receptors. When this happens, your blood vessels shrink and your heart beats faster and more forcefully. These actions cause your blood pressure to rise.

Alpha blockers act by blocking the catecholamines from binding to the receptor alpha. As a result, blood can flow more freely through the blood vessels, and your heart beats normally. This helps to reduce your blood pressure.

Examples of alpha-blockers include:

doxazosin (Cardura)
prazosin (Minipress)
Terazosin (Hytrin)
Alpha-beta blockers
Alpha-beta blockers have a combined effect. They block the binding of catecholamine hormones both alpha and beta-receptors. Therefore, they can decrease the constriction of blood vessels, as do the alpha blockers. They also slow down the rate and force of heart rate as do beta blockers.

Examples of alpha-beta blockers include:

Carvedilol (Coreg)
labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate)
central agonists
These drugs keep the brain to send messages to the nervous system telling him to release catecholamines. As a result, the heart does not pump as hard and blood flows more easily, lowering blood pressure.

Examples of central agonists include:

methyldopa (Aldomet)
clonidine (Catapres)
guanfacine (Tenex)
vasodilators
Vasodilators relax the muscles in the walls of blood vessels, especially in the small arteries called arterioles. This expands the blood vessels and allows blood to flow through them more easily. As a result, blood pressure decreases.

Examples of vasodilators include:

hydralazine (Apresoline)
minoxidil (Loniten)
aldosterone receptor antagonists
Aldosterone receptor antagonists act by blocking a chemical called aldosterone. This action reduces the amount of fluids your body retains, which lowers your blood pressure.

Examples of antagonists of the aldosterone receptor include:

eplerenone (Inspra)
spironolactone (Aldactone)
Direct renin inhibitors
A new type of blood pressure medication is called direct renin inhibitor (DRI). These drugs block a chemical in your body called renin. This action will expand your blood vessels, which reduces blood pressure.

The only type of DRI is currently available in the United States:

aliskiren (Tekturna)
drug treatment plans of hypertension
For most people, the first drug of choice for high blood pressure is a thiazide diuretic. For others, a diuretic alone is not enough to control blood pressure. In these cases, a diuretic can be combined with a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitor, receptor blocker of angiotensin II, or calcium channel blockers. Adding a second drug may lower your blood pressure more rapidly than using a single diuretic. It also allows you to take less of each drug, which can reduce side effects.

combination drugs
If your doctor believes you need more than one medication to manage your blood pressure, they can prescribe a combination of drugs. For example, they may prescribe a beta-blocker with a diuretic or ARB with a calcium channel blocker.

The use of these combination drugs can be more convenient than taking several medications each day.

Many combination of drugs to treat hypertension are available. Examples include:

triamterene / hydrochlorothiazide (Dyazide) - triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide are both diuretics
Valsartan / hydrochlorothiazide (HCT Diovan) - Valsartan is an ARB and a diuretic is hydrochlorothiazide
The treatment of many conditions
The type of drug against blood pressure your doctor prescribes may depend on what other health problems you have. For example, if you suffer from coronary artery disease (CAD) and high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a beta-blocker. If you have had a heart attack due to CAD, a beta-blocker can reduce your blood pressure and reduce the overall risk of death.

If you have diabetes, your doctor may choose an ACE inhibitor or ARB. This is becau.

1 Komentar

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